一言為定(2012年4月11日)

「不要害怕! 妳們去,報告我的兄弟,叫他們往加利肋亞去,他們要在那裏看見我。」(瑪28:10)
第一批見證埋葬耶穌的墓門已打開了,不是宗徒們,而是一班婦女。其中一位充滿傳奇性的婦女便是瑪利亞瑪達肋納(即來自瑪達肋納的瑪利亞) 。 據路加福音的記載:「耶穌走遍各城各村講道,宣傳天主國的喜訊,同衪在一起的有那十二門徒, 還有幾個曾附過惡魔或患病而得治好的婦女,有號稱瑪達肋納的瑪利亞,從她身上趕出了七個魔鬼。」(路8:1-2)
瑪達肋納的瑪利亞跟隨耶穌後,已脫胎換骨,成為了新人。為耶穌來說,過去的已成過去。耶穌曾說過:那愛得多的,被寬恕的也多(參路7:47)。
「不要害怕!」是多麼令人安慰的話語。當門徒再在加里肋亞湖得到豐富的魚獲(參路5:10)、及三位門徒見證耶穌顯聖容後(參瑪17:7),耶穌用了同樣話語安慰他們。
在起初,門徒的信德雖然薄弱,耶穌仍然邀請他門成為漁人的漁夫。耶穌願意見到我們不斷地進步。瑪利亞瑪達肋納亦成了耶穌復活第一批見證人。
我們見證信仰的勇氣,絕不是來自個人的力量,而是來自對基督的依恃。我們可以說,『勇氣』與『依恃』互為因果。由於『愛』,瑪利亞瑪達肋納逗留在十字架下、在大清早前往墓穴給耶穌的屍體沫油。
當耶穌顯現給瑪利亞瑪達肋納時,對她說:「妳們去,報告我的兄弟!」可見,耶穌並沒有因為她的過去而輕視她,反而使她成為傳喜訊的第一人。
我們可能由於過去的不是,而懷疑天主對我們的寬仁。另外的一個例子便是伯多祿,他雖然三次否認自己是耶穌的門徒,耶穌復活後,只是簡單地問他三次:「你愛我嗎?」結果,耶穌三次對他說:「你牧養我的羊群!」
耶穌容許伯多祿跌倒,無非增加他的謙卑之情,好能在治理教會事務時,戒絕固步自封的態度。
在我們人生的旅程中,可能受到某些重創。這或許是天主的聖意,讓我們以謙卑和對主信賴的心情,去見證天主的大愛。
其實,基督的死亡與復活,便是我們每天生活的寫照。因為『愛』的行為,如燭光般,不斷燃燒自己,照亮他人。
梁達材神父
(原文見4月份『每日神糧』)

神父講道 – 復活節八日慶期 星期三 (2012年4月11日)

恭讀聖路加福音 24:13-35

就在那一天,門徒中有兩個人往一個村莊去,村名厄瑪烏,離耶路撒冷約六十「斯塔狄」。他們彼此談論所發生的一切事。正談話討論的時候,耶穌親自走近他們,與他們同行。他們的眼睛卻被阻止住了,以致認不出他來,耶穌對他們說:「你們走路,彼此談論的是些什麼事?」他們就站住,面帶愁容。一個名叫克羅帕的,回答他說:「獨有你在耶路撒冷作客,不知道在那裏這幾天所發生的事嗎?」耶穌問他們說:「什麼事?」他們回答說:「就是有關納匝肋人耶穌的事。他本是一位先知,在天主及眾百姓前,行事說話都有權力。我們的司祭長及首領竟解送了他,判了他死罪,釘他在十字架上。我們原指望他就是那要拯救以色列的。可是——此外還有:這事發生到今天,已是第三天了。我們中有幾個婦女驚嚇了我們;她們清早到了墳墓那裏,沒有看見他的遺體,回來說她們見了天使顯現,天使說他復活了。我們中也有幾個到過墳墓那裡,所遇見的事,如同婦女們所說的一樣,但是沒有看見他。」耶穌於是對他們說:「唉!無知的人哪!為信先知們所說的一切話,你們的心竟是這般遲鈍!默西亞不是必須受這些苦難,才進入他的光榮嗎?」他於是從梅瑟及眾先知開始,把全部經書論及他的話,都給他們解釋了。當他們近臨了他們要去的村莊時,耶穌裝作還要前行。他們強留他說:「請同我們一起住下吧!因為快到晚上,天已垂暮了。」耶穌就進去,同他們住下。當耶穌與他們坐下吃飯的時候,就拿起餅來,祝福了,擘開,遞給他們。他們的眼睛開了,這才認出耶穌來;但他卻由他們眼前隱沒了。他們就彼此說:「當他在路上與我們談話,給我們講解聖經的時候,我們的心不是火熱的嗎?」他們遂即動身,返回耶路撒冷,遇見那十一門徒,及同他們一起的人,正聚在一起,彼此談論說:「主真復活了,並顯現給西滿了!」二人就把在路上的事,及在分餅時,他們怎樣認出了耶穌,述說了一遍。

—基督的福音。

(Wednesday in the Octave of Easter)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke 24:13-35

13 That very day two of them were going to a village named Emma’us, about seven miles from Jerusalem, 14 and talking with each other about all these things that had happened. 15 While they were talking and discussing together, Jesus himself drew near and went with them. 16 But their eyes were kept from recognizing him. 17 And he said to them, “What is this conversation which you are holding with each other as you walk?” And they stood still, looking sad. 18 Then one of them, named Cle’opas, answered him, “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know the things that have happened there in these days?” 19 And he said to them, “What things?” And they said to him, “Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, 20 and how our chief priests and rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him. 21 But we had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since this happened. 22 Moreover, some women of our company amazed us. They were at the tomb early in the morning 23 and did not find his body; and they came back saying that they had even seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. 24 Some of those who were with us went to the tomb, and found it just as the women had said; but him they did not see.” 25 And he said to them, “O foolish men, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
28 So they drew near to the village to which they were going. He appeared to be going further, 29 but they constrained him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is toward evening and the day is now far spent.” So he went in to stay with them. 30 When he was at table with them, he took the bread and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to them. 31 And their eyes were opened and they recognized him; and he vanished out of their sight. 32 They said to each other, “Did not our hearts burn within us while he talked to us on the road, while he opened to us the scriptures?” 33 And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven gathered together and those who were with them, 34 who said, “The Lord has risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!” 35 Then they told what had happened on the road, and how he was known to them in the breaking of the bread.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

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每日聖言靜思 復活節八日慶期 (週三) (2012年4月11日)

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

路24:13-35    (讀經 ── 宗3:1-10   詠105)
就在那一天,門徒中有兩個人往一個村莊去,村名厄瑪烏,離耶路撒冷約六十「斯塔狄」。他們彼此談論所發生的一切事。正談話討論的時候,耶穌親自走近他們,與他們同行。他們的眼睛卻被阻止住了,以致認不出他來,耶穌對他們說:「你們走路,彼此談論的是些什麼事?」他們就站住,面帶愁容。一個名叫克羅帕的,回答他說:「獨有你在耶路撒冷作客,不知道在那裡這幾天所發生的事嗎?」耶穌問他們說:「什麼事?」他們回答說:「就是有關納匝肋人耶穌的事。他本是一位先知,在天主及眾百姓前,行事說話都有權力。我們的司祭長及首領竟解了他,判了他死罪,釘他在十字架上。我們原指望他就是那要拯救以色列的。可是——此外還有:這事發生到今天,已是第三天了。我們中有幾個婦女驚嚇了我們;她們清早到了墳墓那裡,所遇見的事,如同婦女們所說的一樣,但是沒有看見他。」耶穌於是對他們說:「唉!無知的人哪!為信先知們所說的一切話,你們的心竟是這般遲鈍!默西亞不是必須受這些苦難,才進入他的光榮嗎?」他於是從梅瑟及眾先知開始,把全部經書論及他的話,都給他們解釋了。當他們近臨了他們要去的村莊時,耶穌裝作還要前行。他們強留他說:「請同我們一起住下吧!因為快到晚上,天已垂暮了。」耶穌就進去,同他們住下。當耶穌與他們坐下吃飯的時候,就拿起餅來,祝福了,擘開,遞給他們。他們的眼睛開了,這才認出耶穌來;但他卻由他們眼前隱沒了。他們就彼此說:「當他在路上與我們談話,給我們講解聖經的時候,我們的心不是火熱的嗎?」他們遂即動身,返回耶路撒冷,遇見那十一門徒,及同他們一起的人,正聚在一起,彼此談論說:「主真復活了,並顯現給西滿了!」一人就把在路上的事,及在分餅時,他們怎樣認出了耶穌,述說了一遍。

默 想

  • 「師傅死了,一切也完了,仍留在耶路撒冷幹嚒?回去吧,走在那昏暗、迷惘的厄瑪烏路上吧。」兩名沮喪的門徒不約而同輕聲說。走向厄瑪烏,意味走向沒有希望的路,他倆都洩了氣!
  • 「陌生人」的加入,「陌生人」的無知(不知道一位叫耶穌的人剛被受了十架苦刑,且死了的消息),促使他們發問,也開始熱心解答。
  • 談著談著,殊不知那「陌生人」竟說起他們祖先的故事來,不厭其煩,從亞巴郎談起,聽著,他們聽出耳油,也開始記得又明白,師傅也曾多次預述自己將要受摒棄、受苦至死;那時,他們只感到莫名其妙,選擇性地不要接受。
  • 這位「陌生人」就是復活了的耶穌,他改變了容貌,以至二徒認不出他來。用飯時,「陌生人」拿起餅來、祝謝、擘開並交給二徒,此情此景,異常熟悉,霎時間,二徒終於認出基督了,說時遲那時快,耶穌基督立即在他們間隱沒了。
  • 這就是信仰!二徒不知不覺間,自己的狀態從谷底上升,回憶剛才聽「陌生人」的講述,心裡很是火熱。此刻,他們充實地經驗基督的臨在,他們與基督的共融,遠遠超過祂在世的時候。
  • 他們實際地經驗了耶穌基督,被動地。
  • 耶穌在哪裡?祂早在我們心深處,祂仍然活在我們心內,由谷底到生命高峰,祂帶我們經驗祂自己,以致我們被動地,由基督啟示,與基督結合。這就是信仰!你認得祂嗎?

神父講道 – 復活節八日慶期 星期二 (2012年4月10日)

恭讀聖若望福音 20:11-18

瑪利亞瑪達肋納站在墳墓外邊痛哭;她痛哭的時候,就俯身向墳裏裏面窺看,有兩位穿白衣的天使,坐在安放過耶穌遺體的地方:一位在頭部,一位在腳部。兩位天使對她說:「女人!你哭什麼?」她答說:「有人把我主搬走了,我不知道他們把他放在那裏了。」說了這話,就向後轉身,見耶穌站在那裏,卻不知道他就是耶穌。耶穌向她說:「女人,你哭什麼?你找誰?」她以為是園丁,就說:「先生,若是你把他搬走了,請告訴我,你把他放在那裏,我去取回他來。」耶穌給她說:「瑪利亞!」她轉身用希伯來話對他說:「辣步尼!」就是說「師傅」。耶穌向她說:「你別拉住我不放,因為我還沒有升到父那裏;你到我的弟兄那裏去,告訴他們,我升到我的父和你們的父那裏去,升到我的天主和你們的天主那裏去。」瑪利亞瑪達肋納就去告訴門徒說:「我見了主。」並報告了耶穌對她所說的那些話。

—基督的福音。

(Tuesday in the Octave of Easter)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to John 20:11-18

11 But Mary stood weeping outside the tomb, and as she wept she stooped to look into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and one at the feet. 13 They said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid him.” 14 Saying this, she turned round and saw Jesus standing, but she did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom do you seek?” Supposing him to be the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to him in Hebrew, “Rab-bo’ni!” (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said to her, “Do not hold me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren and say to them, I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.” 18 Mary Mag’dalene went and said to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord”; and she told them that he had said these things to her.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

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