每日聖言靜思 聖週六 (2012年4月7日)

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

福音 谷16:1-7    (讀經 ── 創1:1-2:2  創22:1-18  出14:15-15:1  依54:5-14  依55:1-11  巴3:9-15, 32-4:4  則36:16-28  羅6:3-11)
安息日一過,瑪利亞瑪達肋納、雅各伯的母親瑪利亞,和撒羅默,買了香料,要去傅抹耶穌。一周的第一天,大清早,她們來到墳墓那裡;那時,太陽剛升起。
她們彼此說:「誰給我們從墳墓門口,滾開那塊石頭呢?」但舉目一望,看見那塊很大的石頭,已經滾開了。
她們進入了墳墓,看見一個少年人,坐在右邊,穿著白衣,就非常驚恐。
那少年人向他們說:「不要驚惶!你們尋找那被釘在十字架上的納匝肋人耶穌,他已經復活了,不在這裡了;請看安放過他的地方!但是,你們去,告訴他的門徒和伯多祿,說:他在你們之先,到加里肋亞去,在那裡,你們要看見他,就如他曾告訴過你們的。」

默 想

  • 全球最大的信仰群體的存在,就是因為大家都見證了復活!
  • 有人或許以為只有初世紀的宗徒才是見證人,這種想法並不全對。因為真實世界不是用眼睛來看的。
  • 真實世界是用心眼來看的。若我們不能用心眼看見復活的主 (記著,這種心眼用哲學層面來說,是比肉眼更真實的),我們的信仰便不能穩定、茁莊、成長。
  • 伯多祿是經歷過復活的耶穌才不會再背叛的。

神父講道 – 聖週五 主受難日 (2012年4月6日)

若望所載主耶穌基督的受難始末 18:1-19:42

(拘捕了耶穌,把他綑綁起來)

敘述:那時候,耶穌和門徒出去,到了克德龍溪的對岸。在那裡,有一個園子,耶穌和門徒便進去了。出賣他的猶達斯也知道那地方,因為耶穌同門徒,曾多次在那裡聚集。
猶達斯便領了一隊兵,和由司祭長及法利塞人派來的差役,帶著火把、燈籠與武器,來到那裡。耶穌既知道要臨於他身上的一切,便上前去問他們說:
耶穌:「你們找誰?」
敘述:他們回答說:
群眾:「納匝肋人耶穌。」
敘述:耶穌向他們說:
耶穌:「我就是。」
敘述:出賣耶穌的猶達斯,也同他們站在一起。耶穌一對他們說:「我就是」,他們便倒退,跌在地上。於是,耶穌又問他們說:
耶穌:「你們找誰?」
敘述:他們說:
群眾:「納匝肋人耶穌。」
敘述:耶穌回答說:
耶穌:「我已給你們說了『我就是』;你們既然找我,就讓這些人走吧!」
敘述:這是為應驗耶穌先前所說過的話:「你賜給我的人,我連一個也沒有喪失。」西滿伯多祿有一把劍,就拔出來,向大司祭的一個僕人砍去,削下了他的右耳;那僕人名叫瑪耳曷。耶穌就對伯多祿說:
耶穌:「把劍收入鞘內!父賜給我的杯,我怎能不喝呢?」

(先解送耶穌到亞納斯那裡)

敘述:於是,兵隊、千夫長和猶太人的差役,拘捕了耶穌,把他綑綁起來,先解送到亞納斯那裡;亞納斯是那一年當大司祭的蓋法的岳父。就是這個蓋法,曾給猶太人出過主意:叫一個人替百姓死,是有利的。那時,西滿伯多祿同另一個門徒,跟著耶穌。那門徒是大司祭所認識的,便同耶穌一起,進了大司祭的庭院;伯多祿卻站在門外。大司祭認識的那個門徒出來,對看門的侍女說了一聲,就領伯多祿進去。那看門的侍女對伯多祿說:
群眾:「你不也是這人的其中一個門徒嗎?」
敘述:伯多祿說:
群眾:「我不是。」
敘述:那時,僕人和差役,因為天冷,就生了炭火,站著烤火取暖;伯多祿也同他們站在一起,烤火取暖。
大司祭審問耶穌,關於他收徒和施教的事。耶穌回答他說:
耶穌:「我向來公開對世人講話,我常常在會堂和聖殿內,即眾猶太人所聚集的地方施教;在暗地裡,我並沒有講過什麼。你為什麼問我?你問那些聽過我的人:我給他們講了什麼;他們知道我所說的。」
敘述:耶穌剛說完這話,侍立在旁的一個差役,就打了耶穌一個耳光,說:
群眾:「你就這樣答覆大司祭嗎?」
敘述:耶穌回答他說:
耶穌:「我如果說得不對,你指證那裡不對;如果我說得對,你為什麼打我?」
敘述:亞納斯於是把耶穌綑綁,解送到大司祭蓋法那裡。

(你不也是他門徒中的一個嗎?我不是。)

敘述:西滿伯多祿仍站著烤火取暖。於是,有人向他說:
群眾:「你不也是他門徒中的一個嗎?」敘述:伯多祿否認說:
群眾:「我不是。」
敘述:有大司祭的一個僕役,是伯多祿削下耳朵的那人的親戚,對伯多祿說:
群眾:「我不是在山園中,看見你同他在一起嗎?」
敘述:伯多祿又否認了,立刻雞就叫了。

(我的國不屬於這世界)

敘述:然後,他們從蓋法那裡,把耶穌解往總督府。那時是清晨;他們自己卻沒有進入總督府,怕受了沾污,而不能吃逾越節羔羊。因此,比拉多出來,到外面,向他們說:
群眾:「你們對這人提出什麼控告?」
敘述:他們回答說:
群眾:「如果這人不是作惡的,我們便不會把他交給你。」
敘述:比拉多便對他們說:
群眾:「你們自己把他帶去,按照你們的法律審判他吧!」
敘述:猶太人回答說:
群眾:「我們沒有權力處死任何人!」
敘述:這是為應驗耶穌論及自己將怎樣死去,而說過的話。於是,比拉多又進了總督府,叫耶穌過來,對他說:
群眾:「你是猶太人的君王嗎?」
敘述:耶穌回答說:
耶穌:「這話是你自己說的,或是別人論及我,而對你說的?」
敘述:比拉多回答說:
群眾:「莫非我是猶太人?你的民族和司祭長,把你交給我,你做了什麼?」
敘述:耶穌回答說:
耶穌:「我的國不屬於這世界;如果我的國屬於這世界,我的臣民早已反抗了,使我不至於被交給猶太人;但是,我的國不是這世界的。」
敘述:於是,比拉多對耶穌說:
群眾:「那麼,你就是君王了?」
敘述:耶穌回答說:
耶穌:「你說的是,我是君王。我為此而生,我也為此而來到世界上,為給真理作證;凡屬於真理的,必聽從我的聲音。」
敘述:比拉多於是說:
群眾:「什麼是真理?」
敘述:說了這話,比拉多再出去,到猶太人那裡,向他們說:群眾:「我在這人身上,查不出什麼罪狀。你們有個慣例:在逾越節,我該給你們釋放一人;那麼,你們願意我給你們釋放猶太人的君王嗎?」
敘述:他們就大聲喊說:
群眾:「不要這人,而要巴辣巴!」
敘述:巴辣巴原是個強盜。

(猶太人的君王,萬歲!)

敘述:那時,比拉多命人把耶穌帶去鞭打。然後,兵士們用荊棘,編了個茨冠,放在耶穌頭上,給他披上一件紫紅袍,來到他面前,說:
群眾:「猶太人的君王,萬歲!」
敘述:兵士並打了耶穌耳光。比拉多又出去,到外面,向他們說:
群眾:「看,我帶他出來,為叫你們知道:我在他身上,查不出什麼罪狀。」
敘述:於是,耶穌戴著茨冠,披著紫紅袍出來。比拉多就對他們說:
群眾:「看,這個人!」
敘述:司祭長和差役,一看見耶穌,就喊說:
群眾:「釘在十字架上!釘他在十字架上!」
敘述:比拉多對他們說:
群眾:「你們把他帶去,釘在十字架上吧!我在他身上,查不出什麼罪狀。」
敘述:猶太人回答他說:
群眾:「我們有法律;按法律,他應該死,因為他自命為天主子。」
敘述:比拉多聽了這話,越發害怕,於是又進了總督府,對耶穌說:
群眾:「你到底是那裡的?」
敘述:耶穌卻沒有回答比拉多。於是,比拉多對他說:
群眾:「你對我也不說話嗎?你不知道我有權釋放你,也有權釘你在十字架上嗎?」
敘述:耶穌回答說:
耶穌:「如果不是上天賜給你,你對我什麼權柄也沒有;為此,把我交給你的人,罪過更大。」

(除掉他,除掉他,釘他在十字架上!)

敘述:從此,比拉多設法要釋放耶穌;猶太人卻喊說:
群眾:「你如果釋放這人,你就不是凱撒的朋友,因為凡自命為王的,就是背叛凱撒。」
敘述:比拉多一聽這話,就把耶穌領出來,到了一個名叫「石舖地」──希伯來話叫「加巴達」的地方,坐在審判座上。時值逾越節的預備日,約莫第六時辰,比拉多對猶太人說:
群眾:「看,你們的君王!」
敘述:他們喊叫說:
群眾:「除掉他,除掉他,釘他在十字架上!」
敘述:比拉多對他們說:
群眾:「要我把你們的君王,釘在十字架上嗎?」
敘述:司祭長回答說:
群眾:「除了凱撒,我們沒有君王。」
敘述:於是,比拉多把耶穌交給他們去釘死。

(同耶穌一起被釘的,還有兩個人。)

敘述:他們就把耶穌帶走。耶穌自己背著十字架出來,到了一個名叫「髑髏」的地方,希伯來話叫「哥耳哥達」。他們就在那裡,把耶穌釘在十字架上。同耶穌一起被釘的,還有兩個人:一個在這邊,一個在那邊,耶穌在中間。比拉多寫了一個牌子,放在十字架上端,寫的是:「納匝肋人耶穌,猶太人的君王。」這牌子有許多猶太人念了,因為耶穌被釘在十字架上的地方,離城很近;字是用希伯來、拉丁和希臘文寫的。於是,猶太人的司祭長,就對比拉多說:
群眾:「不要寫『猶太人的君王』,該寫他自己說:我是猶太人的君王。」
敘述:比拉多回答說:
群眾:「我寫了,就寫了。」

(他們瓜分了我的衣服)

敘述:兵士將耶穌釘在十字架上後,拿了他的衣服,分成四分,每人一分;又拿了長衣;因那長衣是無縫的,由上到下渾然織成,所以他們彼此說:
群眾:「我們不要把它撕開;我們擲骰,看是誰的。」
敘述:這就應驗了經上的話:『他們瓜分了我的衣服;為我的長衣,他們拈鬮。』士兵果然這樣做了。

(看,你的兒子!看,你的母親!)

敘述:在耶穌的十字架旁,站著他的母親,和他母親的姊妹,還有克羅帕的妻子瑪利亞,和瑪利亞瑪達肋納。耶穌看見母親,又看見他所愛的門徒,站在旁邊,就對母親說:
耶穌:「女人,看,你的兒子!」
敘述:然後,又對那門徒說:
耶穌:「看,你的母親!」
敘述:就從那時起,那門徒把她接到自己家裡。

(完成了)

敘述:此後,耶穌因知道一切都完成了,為應驗經上的話,於是說:
耶穌:「我渴。」
敘述:有一個盛滿了醋的器皿,放在那裡;有人便將海綿浸滿了醋,綁在長槍上,送到耶穌口邊。耶穌一嘗了那醋,便說:
耶穌:「完成了。」
敘述:耶穌就低下頭,交付了靈魂。
跪下默禱片刻

(立刻就流出血和水)

敘述:猶太人因那日子是預備日,免得安息日內──那安息日原是個大節日──屍首留在十字架上,就來請求比拉多,打斷他們的腿,把他們拿去。兵士於是前來,把第一個人的,並與耶穌同釘在十字架上的,第二個人的腿,打斷了。可是,及至來到耶穌面前,看見耶穌已經死了,就沒有打斷他的腿;但是,有一個士兵,用槍刺透了他的肋膀,立刻就流出了血和水。那看見的,就作證,而他的見證,是真實的;並且「那位」知道他所說的,是真實的,為叫你們也相信。這些事發生,正應驗了經上的話:「不可將他的骨頭打斷。」經上另一處,又說:「他們要瞻望他們所刺透的。」

(他們取下了耶穌的遺體,用殮布和香料,把他裹好。)

敘述:這些事以後,阿黎瑪特雅人若瑟──他因怕猶太人,暗中作了耶穌的門徒──來求比拉多,為領取耶穌的遺體;比拉多允許了。於是,他來把耶穌的遺體領去了。那以前夜間來見耶穌的尼苛德摩,也來了,帶著沒藥及沉香調和的香料,約有一百斤。他們取下了耶穌的遺體,照猶太人埋葬的習俗,用殮布和香料把他裹好。在耶穌被釘在十字架上的地方,有一個園子,在那園子裡,有一座新墳墓,裡面還沒有安葬過人。只因是猶太人的預備日,墳墓又近,就在那裡安葬了耶穌。

—基督的福音。

(Good Friday – The Lord’s Passion)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to John 18:1-19:42

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples across the Kidron valley, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with his disciples. 3 So Judas, procuring a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. 4 Then Jesus, knowing all that was to befall him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?” 5 They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am he.” Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. 6 When he said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 Again he asked them, “Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” 8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he; so, if you seek me, let these men go.” 9 This was to fulfil the word which he had spoken, “Of those whom thou gavest me I lost not one.” 10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s slave and cut off his right ear. The slave’s name was Malchus. 11 Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given me?”
12 So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews seized Jesus and bound him. 13 First they led him to Annas; for he was the father-in-law of Ca’iaphas, who was high priest that year. 14 It was Ca’iaphas who had given counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. 15 Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. As this disciple was known to the high priest, he entered the court of the high priest along with Jesus, 16 while Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the maid who kept the door, and brought Peter in. 17 The maid who kept the door said to Peter, “Are not you also one of this man’s disciples?” He said, “I am not.” 18 Now the servants and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves; Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself. 19 The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world; I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together; I have said nothing secretly. 21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me, what I said to them; they know what I said.” 22 When he had said this, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, “Is that how you answer the high priest?” 23 Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken wrongly, bear witness to the wrong; but if I have spoken rightly, why do you strike me?” 24 Annas then sent him bound to Ca’iaphas the high priest. 25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said to him, “Are not you also one of his disciples?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” 26 One of the servants of the high priest, a kinsman of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Did I not see you in the garden with him?” 27 Peter again denied it; and at once the cock crowed.
28 Then they led Jesus from the house of Ca’iaphas to the praetorium. It was early. They themselves did not enter the praetorium, so that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover. 29 So Pilate went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” 30 They answered him, “If this man were not an evildoer, we would not have handed him over.” 31 Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put any man to death.” 32 This was to fulfil the word which Jesus had spoken to show by what death he was to die. 33 Pilate entered the praetorium again and called Jesus, and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered, “Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have handed you over to me; what have you done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingship is not of this world; if my kingship were of this world, my servants would fight, that I might not be handed over to the Jews; but my kingship is not from the world.” 37 Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears my voice.” 38 Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” After he had said this, he went out to the Jews again, and told them, “I find no crime in him. 39 But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover; will you have me release for you the King of the Jews?” 40 They cried out again, “Not this man, but Barab’bas!” Now Barab’bas was a robber.
1 Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged him. 2 And the soldiers plaited a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and arrayed him in a purple robe; 3 they came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands. 4 Pilate went out again, and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you, that you may know that I find no crime in him.” 5 So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” 6 When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no crime in him.” 7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and by that law he ought to die, because he has made himself the Son of God.” 8 When Pilate heard these words, he was the more afraid; 9 he entered the praetorium again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave no answer.10 Pilate therefore said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release you, and power to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered him, “You would have no power over me unless it had been given you from above; therefore he who delivered me to you has the greater sin.” 12 Upon this Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend; every one who makes himself a king sets himself against Caesar.” 13 When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, and in Hebrew, Gab’batha. 14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” 15 They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” 16 Then he handed him over to them to be crucified.
17 So they took Jesus, and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called the place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew Gol’gotha.18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate also wrote a title and put it on the cross; it read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20 Many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 The chief priests of the Jews then said to Pilate, “Do not write, `The King of the Jews,’ but, `This man said, I am King of the Jews.'” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”
23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus they took his garments and made four parts, one for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was without seam, woven from top to bottom; 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfil the scripture, “They parted my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” 25 So the soldiers did this. But standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Mag’dalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing near, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.
28 After this Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfil the scripture), “I thirst.” 29 A bowl full of vinegar stood there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, “It is finished”; and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
31 Since it was the day of Preparation, in order to prevent the bodies from remaining on the cross on the sabbath (for that sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him; 33 but when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. 35 He who saw it has borne witness — his testimony is true, and he knows that he tells the truth — that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place that the scripture might be fulfilled, “Not a bone of him shall be broken.” 37 And again another scripture says, “They shall look on him whom they have pierced.”
38 After this Joseph of Arimathe’a, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him leave. So he came and took away his body. 39 Nicode’mus also, who had at first come to him by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds’ weight. 40 They took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb where no one had ever been laid. 42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, as the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

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