神父講道 – 聖週二 (2012年4月3日)

恭讀聖若望福音 13:21-33,36-38

耶穌同門徒一起吃晚餐時,心神煩亂,就明明地說:「我實實在在告訴你們:你們中有一個要出賣我。」門徒便互相觀望,猜疑他說的是誰。門徒中有一個是耶穌所愛的,他那時斜依在耶穌的懷裏,西滿伯多祿就向他示意說:「你問他說的是誰?」那位就緊靠在耶穌的胸膛上,問他說:「主!是誰?」耶穌答覆說:「我蘸這片餅遞給誰,誰就是。」耶穌就蘸了一片餅,遞給依斯加略人西滿的兒子猶達斯。隨著那片餅,撒殫進入了他的心,於是耶穌對他說:「你所要做的,你快去做吧!」同席的人誰也沒有明白耶穌為什麼向他說了這話。不過,有人因為猶掌管錢囊,以為耶穌是給他說:「你去買我們過節所需要的」,或者,要他給窮人施捨一些東西。猶達斯一吃了那一片餅,就立時出去了:那時,正是黑夜。
猶達斯出去以後,耶穌就說:「現在人子受到了光榮,天主也在人子身上受到了光榮。天主既然在人子身上得到了光榮,天主也要在自己內使人子得到光榮,並且立時就要光榮他。孩子們!我同你們在一起的時候不多了;以後你們要尋找我,就如我曾向猶太人說過:我所去的地方,你們不能去;現在我也給你們說。」
西滿伯多祿問耶穌說:「主!你往哪裏去?」耶穌回答說:「我所去的地方,你如今不能跟我去,但後來卻要跟我去。」伯多祿向他說:「主!為什麼現在我不能跟你去?我要為你捨掉我的性命!」耶穌答覆說:「你要為我捨掉你的生命嗎?我實實在在告訴你:雞未叫以前,你要三次不認我。」

—基督的福音。

(Holy Week – Tuesday)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to John 13:21-38

21 When Jesus had thus spoken, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, “Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.” 22 The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he spoke. 23 One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was lying close to the breast of Jesus; 24 so Simon Peter beckoned to him and said, “Tell us who it is of whom he speaks.” 25 So lying thus, close to the breast of Jesus, he said to him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall give this morsel when I have dipped it.” So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 Then after the morsel, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.” 28 Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. 29 Some thought that, because Judas had the money box, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast”; or, that he should give something to the poor.30 So, after receiving the morsel, he immediately went out; and it was night. 31 When he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of man glorified, and in him God is glorified; 32 if God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once. 33 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me; and as I said to the Jews so now I say to you, `Where I am going you cannot come.’ 34 A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” 36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus answered, “Where I am going you cannot follow me now; but you shall follow afterward.” 37 Peter said to him, “Lord, why cannot I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.” 38 Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly, I say to you, the cock will not crow, till you have denied me three times.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

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每日聖言靜思 聖週二 (2012年4月3日)

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

若13:21-33, 36-38    (讀經 ── 依49:1-6   詠71)
耶穌同門徒一起吃晚餐時,心神煩亂,就明明地說:「我實實在在告訴你們:你們中有一個要出賣我。」門徒便互相觀望,猜疑他說的是誰。門徒中有一個是耶穌所愛的,他那時斜依在耶穌的懷裡,西滿伯多祿就向他示意說:「你問他說的是誰?」那位就緊靠在耶穌的胸膛上,問他說:「主!是誰?」耶穌答覆說:「我蘸這片餅遞給誰,誰就是。」耶穌就蘸了一片餅,遞給依斯加略人西滿的兒子猶達斯。隨著那片餅,撒殫進入了他的心,於是耶穌對他說:「你所要做的,你快去做吧!」同席的人誰也沒有明白耶穌為什麼向他說了這話。不過,有人因為猶掌管錢囊,以為耶穌是給他說:「你去買我們過節所需要的」,或者,要他給窮人施捨一些東西。猶達斯一吃了那一片餅,就立時出去了:那時,正是黑夜。
猶達斯出去以後,耶穌就說:「現在人子受到了光榮,天主也在人子身上受到了光榮。天主既然在人子身上得到了光榮,天主也要在自己內使人子得到光榮,並且立時就要光榮他。孩子們!我同你們在一起的時候不多了;以後你們要尋找我,就如我曾向猶太人說過:我所去的地方,你們不能去;現在我也給你們說。」
西滿伯多祿問耶穌說:「主!你往哪裡去?」耶穌回答說:「我所去的地方,你如今不能跟我去,但後來卻要跟我去。」伯多祿向他說:「主!為什麼現在我不能跟你去?我要為你捨掉我的性命!」耶穌答覆說:「你要為我捨掉你的生命嗎?我實實在在告訴你:雞未叫以前,你要三次不認我。」

默 想

  • 經文說,隨著那片餅,撒殫進入了猶達斯的心。那麼,究竟猶達斯有沒有自由意志去決定所做的一切呢?
  • 根據教會一直以來的教導,猶達斯是有絕對自由的。有一種不是教會認可的說法,是猶達斯見耶穌遲遲不推翻暴政,希望藉著出賣他而迫他以神蹟來推翻羅馬。
  • 結果是,耶穌以死亡來克勝死亡,但猶達斯因為太後悔了,選擇了自盡來表達他的悔恨。
  • 若我們贊同以上的說法,就明白猶達斯性格中的悲劇。他就是太激烈,才會迫耶穌,同樣的激烈,令他自盡。若他能冷靜一點,三天後,他便能看見復活的主。